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Abstract

CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF SARATA AND PRAMAN SHARIR WITH RESPECT TO SANDHIS OF MAJJASARAPURUSHA

Dr. Kulkarni Swarup Purushottam* and Dr. Bhoir Uday B.

ABSTRACT

Basic perception of ayurved concern with Rachana Sharir (Anatomy). It gives information about the basic Rachana (Structure) of human body which is very important with respect to Nidan (Diagnosis) and Chikitsa (Treatment). In Rachana Sharir the topic of praman sharir (Measurements of human body) is also discussed. In this topic, essential parameters of human body are explained by acharyas. In praman sharir, swa-angulipraman (Individual finger breadth measurement) is explained in Charak-Samhita Vimansthan, Sushrut-Sutrasthan and Ashtang-sangraha-. In ayurved the notion of sarataparikshan is also mentioned. In this laxanas of Majjasara purusha are explained by various acharyas. Sara is nothing but sarvotkrishta-ansha of that particular person. Sara means best, real, strong etc. In case of majja sarapurusha, acharyas specially Charakacharya in Vimansthan 8th adhyaya and 108th sootra, have used the words sthool (big), deergha (long) and vritta (round) while explaining the sandhis (Joints) of majjasarapurusha. So, it is imperative to understand these words in terms of dimensions. So, the study of praman sharir and majjasarpurusha is needed to understand and correlate the hypothesis about the sandhis of majjasarapurusha using anguli praman and anthropometric measurements.

Keywords: Praman sharir, Sarata, Majjasarapurusha sandhis, Anthropometry.


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