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Hamad Iman M.*, Elniema A. Mustafa, Adil M.A. Salman, Elmahadi Elmansori, Wael Ibrahim Mursal and Elayis A. Abubaker


The objectives of this study were to determine the reference values of total protein and albumen, in apparently healthy Sudanese ruminant local breeds, and to compare the values obtained from cattle to those of sheep and goats. The study also aimed to investigate the effect of sex difference on total protein and albumen values. To achieve these objectives, blood samples from 90 apparently healthy Sudanese local breeds were collected, of which 30 cattle (25 females, 5 males), 30 Sheep (23 females, 7 males) and 30 goats (22 females, 8 males) from central Sudan, White Nile State - Kosti area, February 2017. Total protein and Albumen samples were measured using Labtech digital
photometer, BioSystem kits were used for determination of both total protein and albumen. Sera were deeply freezed immediately after collection, for 15 day. A mean of 6.6 gm/dl of blood total protein was reported for cattle with albumen mean value of 2.8 gm/dl. For sheep, a mean value of 7.9 and 4.8 gm/dl of blood were reported for total protein and albumen respectively, while mean of 7.5 gm/dl of blood total protein and 3.4 gm/dl albumen were reported for goat. It was found that sex has no effect on both total protein and albumen values. The study concluded that the reference protein value for Sudanese ruminant local breed did not significantly differ from the standard ones, except for cattle which were reported to be of lower values.

Keywords: Sudanese, Reference value, protein, ruminants.

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