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  • WJPPS NOVEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • NOVEMBER 2018 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2018

  • WJPPS Impact Factor
  • Its our Pleasure to Inform you that WJPPS Impact Factor has been increased from 6.647 to 7.421 due to high quality Publication at International Level

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  • WJPPS Rank with Index Copernicus Value 84.65 due to high reputation at International Level

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    • WJPPS  Invited to submit your valuable manuscripts for Coming Issue.
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  • WJPPS introducing updated version of OSTS (online submission and tracking system), which have dedicated control panel for both author and reviewer. Using this control panel author can submit manuscript
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Abstract

MUSHROOMS: MEDICINAL BENEFITS AND TOXICITIES

Meagan Thompson, Yogini Jaiswal, Ilya Wang and Leonard Williams*

ABSTRACT

Mycology constitutes the study of fungi with diverse phytochemicals that either impart benefit to human health or contribute to toxicities, as reported in literature until date. Ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated mushrooms for medicinal use, initiating a myriad of research into the medicinal value and toxic effects of certain mushrooms. Modern techniques coupled with advanced instrumentation have imparted knowledge of phytoconstituents present in mushrooms, and their respective mechanisms. Researchers have identified secondary metabolites, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids, and phenolic compounds present in mushrooms, in conjunction with their mechanisms of actions and pharmacological effects. Particular mushrooms exhibit beneficial pharmacological effects, while some contain toxins such as amatoxins, gyromitrin, coprine, psilocybin, choline, and orellanine that cause undesirable toxic effects. Global production, sales, and export of mushroom containing products have contributed to a growing economy for mushrooms. Increasing knowledge of bioactivity and current instrumentation will impart to researchersā€˜ evidence of medicinal mushrooms as pharmaceutical agents. The current review discusses the historical practices, global market value, microbiological composition, pharmacological constituents, and their scientific classification.

Keywords: Mushrooms, Metabolites, Phytopharmaceuticals, Fungi, Therapeutic Activities, Toxicity.


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