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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF THE VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF THE PLANT ELAEOCARPUS TUBERCULATUS Roxb

*Rajeswari M.

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the phytochemical screening of the powder of leaf, fruit with seed of Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb. in different extracts i.e. petroleum ether, methanol, ethanol and water was executed. The result indicated the presence of carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, terpenoids, steriods, triterpenoids, coumarin, saponins, quinine, glycosides, gum, starch and fixed oil. Generally the solvents of both leaf, fruit with seed ethanol, and methanol were more efficient in extracting the phytochemicals than the other two solvents. The quantitative analysis shows utmost phenolic content in methanol extracts of leaf and fruit with seed (42.51 ± 3.23; 35.19 ± 0.43) respectively. The highest flavanoid content was observed in leaf; fruit with seed in methanol and ethanol (49.37 ± 1.24; 19.02 ± 2.18) respectively. The tannin content was maximum in methanolic extract of leaf (48.56 ± 0.78); fruit with seed (26.98 ± 3.17).

Keywords: Elaeocarpus tuberculatus, leaf, fruit with seed, phytochemicals, phytoceuticals.


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