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Abstract

CHARACTERISTIC OF BLOOD DONATION AMONG DONORS AND NON-DONORS IN THE NATIONAL BLOOD TRANSFUSION CENTER

Dr. Zeyad Tareq Abdulateef*, Dr. Frias Faeq Jameel and Allawi Atiyah Jasim

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood donation is the beginning step for blood transfusion that can save the lives of thousands of people worldwide because blood is an essential element of human life and there are no substitutes for it, especially after an accident or during a medical operation. Objectives: to assess the characteristic of blood donation among donors and non-donors in Baghdad. Methods: A case control study was conducted in the in the National Blood Transfusion Center, because It is the only center of blood donation in Iraq, located in Al –Rusafa district of Baghdad city near the Ministry of Health in Bab-al– Moadham & Primary and Secondary Schools in Palestine Street. The data collected from the 1st of October 2017 to the 1st August 2018. The sample is a convenient one taken by pooling all the blood donors attending the center during a specified period. Total of 1038 individuals were interviewed, 538 were donors „attendants to the National Blood Transfusion center, and 500 were non-donors who were teachers of some primary and secondary schools in Palestine Street. Results: The highest percentage of donor (38.66 %) in the age groups (30-39) and (51.00%) among non-donor in age groups (20-29). the highest percentage of donor was males (84.76%), while in the non –donor was female (60.60%) As well, (98.14%) of donors and (96.80%) of non-donors from urban area (46.1%, 49.4%) of donor and non-donor had an institute level of education. Conclusions: there is a statistically significant relationship between the age, education, gender, occupation, marital status and donors at p. value less than 0.05. and to achieve high voluntary blood donation rates there is an urgent need to educate people on blood donation and convince them that it is a noble practice.

Keywords: Donation, Case, Blood, Assess, Transfusion.


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