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Abstract

A COMPARISON OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND HPTLC STUDIES ON LEAVES AND FRUITS OF CADABA FRUTICOSA (L.) DRUCE

Sakkeena A., Anitha John*, Gayathri Devi V., Manju K.C., Neethu Kannan B., Kanagarajan A.

ABSTRACT

Cadaba fruticosa (L.) Druce (Family- Capparaceae) is a commonly used plant in Siddha, Ayurveda and other Indian traditional systems of medicine and is considered as an important remedy for the treatment of several diseases. Cadaba is a shrub that grows up to 5m in height and widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent especially in scrub jungles and rocky areas. The aim of the present work is the comparitive study of the physico-chemical parameters and HPTLC fingerprinting of leaf and fruit of C. fruticosa. The physico–chemical parameters such as water soluble extractive, alcohol soluble extractive, moisture content, total ash, acid insoluble ash and volatile oil were carried out according to standard methods. HPTLC studies of leaf and fruit of C. fruticosa were conducted at 254 nm, 366 nm and 575 nm after derivatisation using vanillin- sulphuric acid. The physic-chemical parameters indicated that the fruit is having more solubility and moisture content than the leaf of Cadaba fruticosa. HPTLC finger print of the leaf and fruit of Cadaba fruticosa were documented in visible, UV short and UV long light and they were observed in different pattern. The physico-chemical parameters and the HPTLC fingerprinting profile helped to determine the quality and purity of the leaf and fruit of Cadaba fruticosa. These findings may provide useful information with regard to its physico- chemical parameters and HPTLC finger printing studies in future.

Keywords: Cadaba fruticosa, Capparaceae, physico-chemical, HPTLC finger printing.


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