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Abstract

TRADITIIONAL KNOWLEDGE, PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND TRACE ELEMENTS OF CLERODENDRUM GLANDULOSUM COLEB

M. Kavita Devi*, Th. Brojendro  Singh*, R. K. Rajeshwori Devi and Bonny Khuraijam

ABSTRACT

Clerodendrum glandulosum coleb is an important medicinal plant of Manipur. It belongs to verbenaceal family of plant kingdom. It is small tree or shrub perennial and wild in nature. In Manipuri local dialect, it is known as “Kuthap”. The “Kuthap” is a combination of two words “Ku” means “Wooden Coffin” and “Thap” “distant” which literally means that a person using the plant on food or medicine is shielded or kept away from ills and ailments. The plant has various traditional applications. It is used in the preparation of special menu called “Uti” naturally carbonated mixed vegetable pourice for the treatment of stomach. This plant are used in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension and fresh leaf juice is also used in the treatment of ringworm, skin diseases. Dry powdered leaves have insecticidal vermicidal properties. But the claim has no scientific support or evidences. The objective of present study is to find out scientific support or evidences for using this ethnomedicinal plant with the help of modern techniques. The plant was collected from Manam Yang hill of Sadar hill district of Manipur during the month of June and identified with authenticated herbarium. In the present study, the leave, bark and root of clerodendrun glandulosum cloeb were screened for presence of the physiochemical ingredients and analysed trace elements. Leaves are found to contain many bioactive compounds such as alkaloid, Anthraqrinone, Amino acid, flavanoids, glycosides, protein, reducing sugar, steroid, saponin and tannins. In case of bark and root of clerodendrum glandulosum, some of bioactive compounds were absent. Leaves of this species are found to contain all the seven elements. But Bark and root of this species did not contain vanadium element. The present study may be helpful for discovery of new bioactive compounds and trace elements in the field of modern chemical research especially in modern drug discovery.

Keywords: Clerodendrum Glandulosum Coleb, Drug Discovery, Ethnomedicinal, Vermicidal Phytochemical.


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