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  • WJPPS MARCH ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • MARCH 2019 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 March 2019

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Abstract

PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY STUDY OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION

Puligilla Shankaraiah, Yellu Narsimha Reddy*

ABSTRACT

The epidemiology study on diabetes mellitus (type-I &type-II) was carried out in Warangal District, Andhra Pradesh State of India amongst 2395 patients (1632 males and 763 females) of all ages between 0-90 years, period of 3 years 2007, 2008, and 2009. Informed consent was obtained from the patients after the objectives of the study had been explained carefully to them. Every patient was examined clinically for signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus and diagnosed the blood glucose levels and in addition, a pre-tested questionnaire was given on each patient to identify their nutritional & other habits. The results were shown that out of 2395 patients examined, 1925 (80.37%) were positive for type II diabetes mellitus, among them 1344 (males), 581(females) and 470(19.62%) were positive for type-I diabetes mellitus, among them 288 (males), 182 (females). The distribution of diabetes mellitus by types and gender showed that type-II (80.37%) had the highest prevalence, than type-I (19.62%) and followed the males than females. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus increased with increase in age of patients with the 35 – 55 year group 1715 (71.60%) being the most affected while those patients aged 55 years and above. The concomitant prevalence of diabetes mellitus with other diseases715 (37.14%) like hypertension 367(51.32%), diabetic ketoacidosis 199 (27.83%), diabetic foot ulcers149 (20.83%). The result further reveals that cardiovascular diseases rate was significantly higher in diabetes mellitus than in non diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: hypertension, diabetic ketoacidosis, cardiovascular diseases.


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