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Abstract

PHYLLANTHUS NIRURI LINN GROWN IN SRI LANKA: EVALUATION ON PHYTO AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIESOF THE WHOLE PLANT

H.A.R. P. Perera, K. Karunagoda, P. K. Perera*, K. Samarasingha,
L.D.A.M. Arawwawala

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus niruri Linn is a small, erect annual herb belonging to the family Euphobiaceae. It is widely distributed in Asia and used for the treatment of jaundice, asthma, hepatitis, diabetes, fever causing by malaria. Though itis commonly used in Ayurveda and Traditional Systems of Medicine in Sri Lanka, very few scientific experiments were carried out using P.niruri.Therefore, an attempt was made to evaluate phyto and physico-chemical properties of P. niruri grown in Sri Lanka. According to the results, 7.7±0.2% of total ash, 3.4±0.1% of water soluble ash and 0.9±0.0% of acid insoluble ash were present in the whole plant of P. niruri. Phytochemical screening reveals the presence of tannins, flavonoids, steroid glycosides, coumarins, saponins and cardiac glycosides in both hot water and hot methanolic extracts of P.niruli. TLC fingerprint profile of the methanolic extract of P.niruri consists of 8 and 9 prominent spots at 254 nm and 366 nm respectively. Heavy metals such as Cd, Hg and As were not detected in the P.niruri grown in Sri Lanka.However, 0.5 mg/kg of Pbwas detected in the plant. In conclusion, physico and phytochemical properties of P.niruri grown in Sri Lanka was investigated for the first time and these results can be used as a reference standard for quality control of P.niruri grown in Sri Lanka.

Keywords: Phyllanthus niruri Linn, phytochemical and physico-chemical parameters, fingerprint profiles, heavy metals.


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