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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STANDARIZATION OF BHARANGYADI AVALEHA-AN AYURVEDIC POLYHERBAL COMPOUND

Poonam Gaur*, Patel Kalpana S., V. K. Kori, C. R. Harisha and V. J. Shukla

ABSTRACT

Bharangyadi avaleha ,An Ayurvedic formulation is recommended in management of various Respiratory disorders. Ayurveda texts have described five types of Shwasa Roga and among these five, Tamaka is one. The Present Study deals with Pharmacognostical identification of ingredients of Bharangyadi avaleha and its analytical analysis. In pharmacognostical study both macroscopic and microscopic analysis of raw drugs of Bharangyadi avaleha has done and revealed the quality of constituents of Bharangyadi avaleha. Tamaka Shwasa compared to Bronchial Asthma is Characterized by Wheezing, Breathlessness, Chest tightness and Coughing. Bharangyadi avaleha is taken from Bhaishajya Ratnwali Shwas chikitsa prakarana. The present work was carried out to standardarize the finished product Bharangyadi avaleha to confirm its identity, quality and purity. The pharmacognostical work reveals the presence of Annular vessel of Shunthi, Cluster crystal of Bharangi, Cork of Bharangi, Fibre of Shunthi, Group of stone cells of Bharangi, Oleoresin of shunthi and Simple Starch grain of shunthi etc. Physiochemical analysis shows water soluble extract is 81%w/w,methanol soluble extract is 83.5%w/w, ash value is .890%w/w pH is 6 and Loss on drying is 17.289%w/w.High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) at 254nm and 366nm resulted into 3 and 2 spots respectively.

Keywords: Bharangyadi Avaleha, Tamaka Shwasa; Pharmacognosy, HPTLC.


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