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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND INVITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF HYDRO-ALCOHOLIC AND AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF COLOCASIA ESCULENTA (RHIZOME PART)

Abinash Kumar Sahu*, Pratyush Kumar Tripathy, Priyanka Joshi and Prabhat Kumar Sahu

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present work was to study phytochemical and anthelmintic study of the plant Colocasia esculenta that belongs to family “Araceae”. The folklore reports that the corm is used as, astringent, thermogenic, irritant, anti-inflammatory, antihaemorrhaidal, haemostatic, expectorant, carminative, digestive, appetiser, stomachic, anthelmintic, liver tonic, aphrodisiac rejuvenating and tonic. They are useful in haemorrhoids, vomiting, cough, bronchitis, asthma, anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic constipation, helminthiasis hepatopathy, dysmenorrhoea seminal weakness. The roots are opthalmic and are useful in opthalmia amenorrhiea. Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate phytochemical screening of Hydro-alcoholic and aqueous extract of powdered rhizome and to inspect for the anthelmintic study Results: The percentage yield of Hydro-alcoholic and Aqueous extract of powdered rhizome was found to 7.33 % w/w and 4.15%w/w. And from the phytochemical screening it showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, amino acids, protein, saponins. The fluorescence analysis of the drug was observed in day light and ultra violet light using powder drug. In fluorescence analysis the powder drug was treated with different reagent which showed different colour in U.V light. Aqueous extract showed more significant anthelmintic activity but can be comparable to standard albendazole drug. Conclusion: The preliminary phytochemical screening showed a wide range of phytoconstituent known through it’s screening. The aqueous extract shows more significant anthelmintic activity as compared to Hydro-alcoholic but can comparable to the standard drug albendazole.

Keywords: Colocasia esculenta, Medicinal use, Hydro-alcoholic, Aqueous extract, Phytochemical screening.


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