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Abstract

A COMPLETE PHARMACOGNOSTIC REVIEW ON AMLA

Shreya Talreja*, Sonam Kumari, Prateek Srivastava AND Swarnima Pandey

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Or Emblica officinalis Gaertn. commonly known as Indian gooseberry or Amla. Emblica officinalis (Amla) are widely used in the Indian system of medicine (Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha). According to believe in ancient Indian mythology, it is the first tree to be created in the universe. It belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae. It is the richest natural source of Vitamin C. Emblica officinalis (EO) primarily contains tannins, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, amino acids and carbohydrates. Its fruit juice contains the highest amount of vitamin C, Ellagic acid, Chebulinic acid, Quercetin, Chebulagic acid, Emblicanin-A, Emblicanin-B, Gallic acid and ascorbic acid etc. all parts of amla are useful in the treatment of various diseases but the most important part is fruit. Amla fruit is widely used in the Indian system of medicine as diuretic, laxative, liver tonic, refrigerant, stomachic, restorative, anti-pyretic, hair tonic, ulcer preventive and also useful for common cold, fever; as alone or in combination with other plants. The fruit is used as a major constituent in several Ayurvedic preparations such as Chyavanprash and Rasayana which promotes health and longevity. Regular use of Emblica officinalis improves immunity, fight against cancers, chronic diseases like hypertension, high Cholesterol, Diabetes, influenza, Chronic cough and cold, Chronic infections, Chronic fatigue and Chronic inflammatory conditions.According to Ayurveda amla is one of the best herbs for Diabetes, bleeding disorders, strength and stamina promoter. E. officinalis is also suitable for used as a anti‚ÄĎaging, sunscreen and general purpose for skin care products. Emblica officinalis possesses antioxidant, immunomodulatory, adaptogenic, cardioprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective, antipyretic, analgesic, cytoprotective, antitussive, gastroprotective, wound healing and antidiarrheal properties. It is also used as a hair tonic. Its applications for memory enhancing, ophthalmic disorders, reducing cholesterol level, prevent peptic ulcer, anaemia etc. The effects of EO in neutralizing snake venom and as an antimicrobial are also included.

Keywords: Emblica officinalis, chemical constituents, amla fruit, uses, application, effect.


[Full Text Article]

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