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Abstract

EVALUATION OF SEABUCKTHORN (HIPPOPHAE L.) CAKE AND LEAVES FED AS MASH AND PELLETED FEED ON BIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF POULTRY BROILERS

Rana D.*, Sharma V. K., Wadhwa D., Aminullah and Anand A.

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to compare the feeding value of seabuckthorn (SBT) leaves and cake as the protein replacer as mash and pelleted forms in the poultry birds in two different experiments. Feed processing likely to have a great influence on nutrient utilization and broilers performance. The present study was envisaged to see the effect of replacement of CP of conventional feed of poultry broilers with SBT leaves and cake as mash and pelleted forms of feed on biological performances and nutrient digestibility. The two experiments were conducted on 189 vancobb strain each, on one day-old chicks dividing into 4 groups and 7 subgroups with 3 replications having 9 chicks in each replication for each experiment. The CP of control group (TL0) was replaced with the CP of SBT leaves at 6, 9 and 12 per cent levels in TL1, TL2 and TL3 treatment groups and each group divided into two subgroups, where broilers chicks were fed with mash feed and represented as TLm, TLm-1, TLm-2 and TLm-3, and pelleted feed represented as TLp, TLp-1, TLp-2 and TLp-3 respectively. Similarly, in another experiment the CP of control group (TC0) was replaced with CP of SBT cake at 20, 30 and 40 per cent level in TC1, TC2 and TC3 treatment groups. Each group divided into two sub groups where broilers chicks fed with mash feed and represented as TCm, TCm-1, TCm-2 and TCm-3 and pellet feed and represented as TCp, TCp-1, TCp-2 and TCp-4. As both the experiments conducted simultaneously and hence control group composition was kept common in both the experiments. Broilers performance and nutrient digestibility increased with the increase in CP replacement with SBT leaves at 12 level with pelleted feed as compared to mash feed fed groups. Similar results were found with CP replacement with SBT cake at 40 per cent levels with pelleted feed. Like wise numerically better overall performance FCR was found in all leaves and cake pellet fed groups as compared to their corresponding mash fed groups. In overall, the best FCR was found in treatment groups, where 12 and 40 per cent CP of basal diet was replaced with CP of SBT leaves and cake in pellet form of feed. The inclusion of SBT leaves and cake in the diet as well as feed physical form (mash or pellet) have no effects on broilers mortality rates. Based on the findings it was concluded that 12 and 40 per cent CP of the broilers traditional diet can be replaced with the CP of SBT leaves and cake respectively without any adverse effect and better results found in pelleted form of the feed as compared to mash fed form of the SBT leaves or cake.

Keywords: Seabuckthorn (SBT), Poultry, Broiler, Gain in weight, FCR, Blood parameters.


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