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Abstract

IN VITRO PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF CYPERUS KYLLINGA ROOT

Amites Gangopadhyay*, Nitai Chand Chaulya and Amitava Ghosh

ABSTRACT

Background: Cyperus kyllinga is an important and rare medicinal plant in India. In this study we have taken only the root part of this plant. The main background of studies focused on macroscopic, microscopic, physicochemical and phytochemical analysis. Objective: To evaluate in vitro pharmacognostical study of Cyperus kyllinga root. Materials and Methods: The Pharmacognostical parameters were carried out by complete botanical evaluation which includes macroscopic, microscopic, physicochemical and phytochemical analysis. Results: The results shows different organoleptic characters, also shows different microscopic characters like the pith is larger, the vascular bundles varies from 6-8, intercellular space is absent in between endodermis, this shows that it is a monocot root. Also shown starch grains, xylem, phloem, endodermis, sclerenchyma, epidermis, cortex, pith, pericycle, lignified xylem vessel and oil glands of the T.S. of C. kyllinga root. In the present study we also determine the different ash values, extractive values and Phytochemical identification like carbohydrate, reducing sugar, non reducing sugar, alkaloids, proteins, amino acid, cardiac glycoside, saponin glycoside, flavonoids and steroids. Conclusion: In indigenous system of medicine this studies are not done before. Here we want to establish the pharmacognostical standard serve as a reference piece and helps in the further identification and authentication of this taxon.

Keywords: Microscopic study; Organoleptic studies; Fluorescence analysis; Ash value; Chemical tests.


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