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Abstract

REVIEW ON NAASIGABHARANAM (NASAL INSUFFLATION) - AN EXTERNAL THERAPY IN SIDDHA SYSTEM OF MEDICINE

Dr. Siva Josyaa S.*, Kingsley J., Muthukumar N. J. and Banumathi V.

ABSTRACT

The Siddha system of medicine is one of the earliest traditional medical system which deals with the physical, psychological, social and spiritual wellbeing of an individual. This system consists of 32 types of internal medicines and 32 types of external therapies. Naasigabharanam (Insufflation) is one among the external therapies, which is performed by administering medicated powders through nostrils by snuffing. Drugs that are not absorbed orally can be delivered to the systemic circulation by nasal drug delivery. Drug administration through this route can have a local or a systemic effect. It is easily accessible and suitable for self-medication. Generally the bio availability of drugs administered via nasal is significantly higher than the oral administration, due to the high permeability, high vasculature, low enzymatic environment of nasal cavity and avoidance of hepatic first pass metabolism are well suitable for systemic delivery of drug molecule via nose. Naasigabharanam is used in the treatment of rearrangement of all three Dhosam, Delirium (Sanni), Epilepsy (Valipu), Asthma (Eraipu), Psychiatric Illness (Mana noi), Sinusitis (Peenisam) and Headache (Thalai Vali).

Keywords: Siddha system, External therapies, Naasigabharanam, Nasal insufflation.


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